What Is NASA?

Many people are aware of NASA, but do you know what they actually do? Astronauts in space conduct scientific research and other programs. Space probes study the solar system. New developments in air travel and other aspects of flight are made possible by these advances. And as humans begin a mission to Mars and the Moon, NASA is also collaborating with private companies to develop new products. The company’s findings can improve the lives of people everywhere. Read on to learn more about NASA.


The US space agency NASA has ambitious plans for the moon. Part of the Artemis program, they plan to build a gateway space station in the moon’s orbit. This structure will serve as a link between Earth and the Moon. As part of this ambitious program, NASA is also preparing a new mission dubbed NASA CAPSTONE. Here is what it has in store for the new space station. It will provide a way for humans to explore the Moon.

CAPSTONE is the first major pathfinder for the Artemis Program, a new mission to place the next man on the moon. CAPSTONE’s orbit is elliptical in shape, offering optimal fuel economy and strategic launch points. The mission will last for up to 12 months and confirm the feasibility of a real-life halo orbit and test new navigation technology. The mission will also help NASA better prepare for future missions to Mars.

Apollo-Soyuz mission

The Apollo-Soyuz mission was the first joint American-Russian spaceflight. The mission was officially known as the “Apollo-Soyuz Test Project,” or Eksperimental flight. But the Soviet Union referred to it as the “Soyuz-Apollo mission” instead. Both spacecraft had different ‘atmospheres’, which complicated docking and communication.

The Apollo-Soyuz mission marked a major achievement for space exploration, both technically and politically. Although it did not end the space race or cold war, it was a milestone that opened the door for international cooperation and dialogue. This was one of the most significant missions in human history. But the Apollo-Soyuz mission has a controversial legacy. Here are five facts about the mission and how it affected the history of space exploration.

Space shuttle program

The first shuttle flights were performed on the Space Shuttle, which was conceived as a low-cost way to reach Earth orbit. The shuttles were also intended to visit the Soviet-era space station Skylab and help construct its successor. They also carried several important payloads into orbit, including the Hubble Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Spacelab carried many important scientific experiments, originally planned for full-fledged space stations.

As of June 2008, the Space Shuttle program at NASA occupied 654 facilities, employed more than 5,000 employees, and generated $12 billion in revenues. The total value of shuttle equipment in these facilities was approximately $12 billion. The space shuttle program at NASA occupied over a quarter of the organization’s inventory, with over 1,200 suppliers in the United States alone. The transition plan envisioned the program to operate until 2010, then retire by 2015. In the interim, plans called for the development of the Orion spacecraft and the Ares I manned missions.

Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle

NASA’s next multi-purpose crew vehicle will make its maiden flight in the next decade. The spacecraft is part of NASA’s Constellation Program and is designed to send human explorers back to the moon and other destinations in our solar system. Several components of Orion will be installed on board to help make the mission a success. The mission will also include sending astronauts to Mars, and eventually to the moon.

One of the biggest concerns for the safety of astronauts in space is the exposure to radiation. Space radiation poses one of the greatest risks to human health, especially on long-term missions. Luckily, astronauts on Orion will be shielded from most of the effects of radiation. The back shell is made of 970 black tiles that are similar to those used to protect the space shuttle. The space suit and the helmet are designed to withstand these conditions.


The Johnson Space Center (JSC) is home to NASA’s astronaut training facility. The JSC currently has 38 active astronauts and 11 candidates in training. It is also home to Mission Control, the spacecraft command center that managed Apollo, Gemini, Skylab, and the Space Shuttle. NASA has designated the JSC as the lead center for the International Space Station (ISS). The ISS offers competitive access to commercial industry, and more than 50 companies are already on board conducting research and development. In a recent move, NASA has allocated 5 percent of crew time to these activities.

The Engineering Directorate is responsible for engineering design, development, and test support for the space flight program. The organization is responsible for in-house design of some government-furnished equipment, such as the flight experiments and crew support equipment. These activities include ensuring compliance within NASA and with JSC contractors. However, the Engineering Directorate is responsible for the development of many more technical systems than just spaceflight hardware and software. It also coordinates NASA’s overall environmental policy and works closely with the Federal government to promote awareness of environmental issues.

Research and development divisions

There are four major research and development divisions at NASA. The Aeronautics Research Division manages the development of advanced aviation technologies, and the Science Division develops programs for understanding the solar system and the origin of the universe. The Human Exploration and Operations Division manages the management of human space missions, and the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, focuses on technology development for commercial space flight and avionics.

The Advanced Capabilities Division, or ACD, conducts cutting-edge research and conducts flight tests to advance space exploration. These programs generate new technologies and concepts that are essential to the development of future aerospace vehicles. In addition to developing advanced technology, these divisions also support ground-based vehicle and aeronautics applications. In particular, they focus on advancing airspace technology. They are responsible for developing technology and tools that can enable safe and successful human spaceflight missions.